Employment rights

New Zealand has a comprehensive set of employment laws that help keep workplaces fair. You need to be aware of the rules, and what your rights and responsibilities are.

If you’ve had a disagreement with your employer and don’t think you’ve been treated fairly, you can find out where to get help at our Support in the Workplace page.

Employee rights and obligations

Under New Zealand employment law, you and your employer both have certain rights and obligations. For example, your employer is obliged to pay you an agreed wage, and to make sure wherever you have to work is safe.

For your part you are required to perform your job with care and competence, among other things. 

The legal manual produced by Community Law lists your basic rights and obligations.

One of your obligations as an employee is to stay within the conditions of your visa. If you have a work visa, it might be tied your employer, industry, or to a particular city or region. If that’s the case and you want to change jobs, you’ll need to apply for a variation of conditions first.

Your minimum rights | Employment New Zealand booklets               (Minimum Rights advice also translated into 14 different languages)

Your minimum rights | Employment New Zealand e-learning modules (Learn your NZ employment rights online)

Employment rights | Community Law

Variation of conditions for work visas | Immigration NZ

Your Rights

What to do in case of exploitation

If you feel that you or someone you know is being exploited, or if your employment rights aren’t being respected, ask for help.

Information about what to do in this situation is available on the Immigration New Zealand website. The same information is available in other languages, including Chinese (simplified), Chinese (traditional), Fijian, Gujarati, Hindi, Korean, Malay, Samoan, Tagalog, Tongan and Vietnamese.

Get help if your employer is exploiting you | Immigration New Zealand

Employment agreements

Even if you’ve already accepted a verbal offer for a job, you must sign a written agreement before you start work.

Most larger companies offer collective employment agreements that have been negotiated by a union. Even if you’re not a union member you can still take advantage of the collective agreement, and use it as a basis for your employment conditions.

If there’s something in your contract you’re not sure about, it’s quite acceptable to take the agreement away to think it over, or to ask someone for advice. If you want to negotiate the terms and conditions of your contract, make sure you do it before you sign.

Joining a union is one of your rights as a New Zealand worker, and your employer cannot influence your decision. Our Support in the Workplace page has more information about unions.

Employment agreements | Employment New Zealand

Trial periods

It is not uncommon to be asked to do a 90-day trial in a new job. In fact, about half of all employers in New Zealand use trial periods. It is not necessary to accept a trial period, but if you do, it must be agreed to in writing before you start work. If you want to negotiate, talk to your employer before you sign the contract.

The Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment website has information about trial periods.

Trial periods | Employment New Zealand

Leave and holidays

Most New Zealand workers would tell you they get a good amount of leave, at least by international standards. Which is great given you have a new country to explore, or if you need to go back home to visit family.

You’ll get a minimum of four weeks annual leave. If you want, you can ask to exchange one week’s leave for cash. In addition, there are 11 public holiday days.

If you work on a public holiday, your employer has to pay you extra. You may also be able to take the holiday on another day - it’s called “taking a day in lieu”.

You’re also entitled to a certain amount of paid leave if you get sick.

Cashing-up annual holidays | Employment New Zealand

Transferring a public holiday | Employment New Zealand

Public holiday dates | Employment New Zealand

Sick leave | Employment New Zealand

For working parents

New Zealand employers, and society in general, are supportive of working parents. That’s demonstrated in a range of ways.

Many new parents are entitled to paid parental leave of up to 22 weeks.

If you’re a nursing mother, your employer is required by law to let you breastfeed at work.

And if your child gets sick, you can use your sick leave entitlement to look after them. This type of leave is called domestic leave and can be used to care for any dependent family member.

Parental leave | Employment New Zealand

Infant feeding | Employment New Zealand

Health and safety in the workplace

You and your employer are both responsible for making sure your workplace is a safe environment.

For more information about your rights and responsibilities with safety at work, visit the Work Safe and Community Law websites.

Health and safety rights and responsibilities | Work Safe New Zealand

Health and safety in employment | Community Law

Wages and deductions

The minimum wage for adults in 2018 is $16.50 an hour, or $660 for a standard 40-hour work week. There is no minimum wage for children under 16.

Income tax gets taken out of your wage before you get paid - these deductions are known as PAYE (Pay As You Earn) tax.

Another, much smaller, deduction is for your ACC levy. ACC stands for Accident Compensation Corporation which runs the insurance system New Zealand has for covering the costs involved if you’re injured. Along with other benefits, if you’re off work for an extended period because of an injury, ACC will reimburse you for a large portion of lost wages.

Wages are usually advertised ‘before tax’. That’s something to keep in mind when job-hunting, since the pay you actually take home will be lower.

You’ll need a tax number - if you don’t have one, you might be taxed a higher amount than is necessary. It’s easy to get one right away. We tell you how on our Tax page.

Aside from PAYE tax and the ACC levy, your employer isn’t allowed to make any deductions from your pay without your permission.

If you become a New Zealand resident, you’ll have the option of joining KiwiSaver, a work-based retirement savings initiative.


Minimum wage | Employment New Zealand

Payments and deductions | Employment New Zealand

More on KiwiSaver in Retirement | KiwiSaver

Discrimination and harassment

Discriminating against someone because of their gender, sexual orientation, family status, marital status, colour, nationality or country of origin, race, ethical belief/religion, political opinion, employment status, age or disability is illegal in New Zealand.

Sexual harassment, including requests for sexual contact and any kind of offensive or unwelcome sexual behaviour, is also illegal here.

If you think you have been discriminated against or sexually harassed in the workplace, the Community Law website is a helpful resource.

Anti-discrimination laws | Community Law

Ending your employment

If you decide to leave your job, you need to give your employer notice and continue to work for the notice period agreed to in your signed employment contract.

If employers choose to make you leave your position through dismissal, restructure, or redundancy, they need to follow a formal process. If they don’t follow it properly, you could be entitled to compensation.

Ending the employment relationship | Employment New Zealand

Need to know more?

The Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment's website has comprehensive information about your basic rights and obligations at work.

Simple, easy-to-read information about employment law is available elsewhere on their website.

Minimum rights | Employment New Zealand

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Page last updated: 28/03/2019

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